Evidence Code Section 952

Compiled April, 2015

Our review of the annotated history reveals the following legislative history (every “c.” below represents a separate legislative bill):

Prior History:
•  Former §§ 395 to 399 of the Practice Act, added 1851, c. 5
•  Former § 398 of the Practice Act, amended 1861, c. 313
•  Former § 395 of the Practice Act, amended 1863, c. 528
•  Former Code of Civil Procedure § 1881, added 1872 codification of the Code of Civil Procedure; amended 1893, c. 217; 1907, c. 68; 1911, c. 603; 1917, c. 611; 1927, c. 683; 1933, c. 536; 1935, c. 532; 1939, c. 129; 1957, c. 1961; 1961, c. 629; 1965, c. 922; 1965, c. 923
Added: 1965, c. 299
•  1967, c. 650 to insert the words “a legal opinion formed and the” following “includes: near the end.
•  1994, c. 186 to add the last sentence, relating to confidentiality of communications transmitted by fax, cell phone or other electronic means and also made gender changes.
•  1994, c. 587 – see above – we would need to review both 1994 bills to determine which one made the change of interest to you in 1994.
•  2002, c. 72 to delete the former last sentence.

21 bills affected this section.                          

Tracing Statutory Language:

  • Research fees can be minimized by ordering only the bills that affected specific subdivisions or phrases of interest to you.
  • Changes to statutes can sometimes be determined by the annotations provided by Deering’s, Westlaw, and Lexis.
  • If annotations are not available, one strategy is to look at each chaptered law noted above to observe the changes. Another strategy is to retain us to trace your language and report our findings back to you.

Since 1974, Legislative Intent Service, Inc. has provided the legislative and regulatory history for all state statutes and regulations. You can order legislative history research in two different ways:

  1. Traditional Custom Research for a per-bill fixed research fee, based on time-frame.
  2. Store Research for $300 per bill, available for immediate download here.

We appreciate the opportunity to provide this assistance. Contact us if you have any questions or wish to place an order for custom research or tracing.